Surprising, as it may seem, domestic violence and sexual assault cuts across all barriers of age, race, sex, marital status, religion, socioeconomic status and sexual orientation. While it is commonly perceived that domestic violence only happens to "someone out there", it is shocking to learn that a large number of people, especially women, from all walks of life are victims of this terrible crime. This is also the only violent crime with devastating consequences, where the victim is frequently and unfairly blamed for the abuse they received.

Domestic and sexual abuse may be difficult to identify - even by the victims themselves. Direct and overt or disguised and covert, domestic violence may vary from situation to situation.

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The three main types of abuse are:

Sexual Abuse
The improper use of another person for sexual purposes, generally without their consent or under physical or psychological pressure. (Despite the fact that the Indian Penal Code does not recognize sexual abuse as a crime within the parameters of a marriage, marital rape and sexual abuse occurs frequently, and often goes hand-in-hand with physical abuse in a relationship.)

Physical Abuse
The use of physical force to intimidate, coerce, manipulate the actions of another person. Types of physical abuse include hitting, kicking, punching, hair-pulling, slapping, pinching, acid or kerosene burning, and the use of weapons against another.

Emotional Abuse
The use psychological coercion and manipulation to compel the actions or dictate the behavior of another person. Emotional abuse can include name-calling, the use of derogatory words, shouting, and verbalized threats of violence.

 Did you Know?
In India, one incident of violence translates into the women losing seven working days. In the United States total loss adds up to 12.6 billion dollars annually and Australia loses 6.3 billion dollars per year
(United Nations Report)
At least 20 per cent married women aged between 15 and 49 years have experienced domestic violence at some point in their lives, many on an almost continual basis
(National Family Health Survey)
Around two-third of married women in India were victims of domestic violence and one incident of violence translates into women losing seven working days in the country,
(United Nations Report)

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